Renard SS8 Controller Board

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Introduction

The Renard SS8 is a PIC microcontroller based Christmas light controller with 8 solid state relay circuits incorporated into the board. The board design is based on the PIC-based 8-port dimmer concept originally developed by Phil Short. Information on the original concept can be viewed here. Generic information pertaining to current Renard designs (including maximum channel count) can be found on the Renard wiki page.


The Renard Standardized Series (SS) controllers are part of a design effort to standardize the board layouts for Renard based systems and to establish a standardized list of components to use in Renard designs. Some of the goals of the Renard SS design effort were:
  • Completely self-contained controller board. All that is needed to start using the board is a data input and an AC power source. No external DC voltage supply or externally generated ZC is needed and there is no need for an off-board neutral bar.
  • Common part list used for all boards. There are no special parts for any individual board, all the boards use the same components. The only thing different is the quantity used on each board.
  • Common component layout on the board. With only a few exceptions, all the components on the boards are laid out in the same fashion.
  • On-board LEDs for full support of Renard diagnostics firmware.
  • Easier for a new member to build. By removing extra options from the board, now a member can just order the parts from the BOM and will be able to build the board without having to figure out which options/parts apply to their configuration.
  • Easier to support. By having all the boards using the same parts and having the same component layout, it will be easier to provide support to DIYC members when they have problems or ask questions.
  • Complete documentation. In the past, boards were created, designed, produced and distributed without much documentation to support them. Documentation was an afterthought and was slow to catch up, some never did or is hard to understand for new members. In the Renard SS design effort, the documentation was created at the same time as the boards so that when the boards were ready for release, the documentation was also ready.

Disclaimers

The standard disclaimers pertaining to the information contained on this wiki page are listed here.


The Board

Wiki - Renard SS8 PCB.jpg


Wiki - Renard SS8 Complete.jpg


The Renard SS 8 measures 3.4" X 6"


Board Availability

Check the DIYC Forum for the latest information concerning board availability.


Circuit Diagram

The schematic diagram can be found here.


Key circuit components
Connectors
  • J1 – RS485 outgoing data
  • J2 – RS232/RS485 incoming data
  • JDP1 – RS232 incoming data, DE9 connector for direct connect to show computer serial port.


IC Chips
  • U2 – H11AA1 Optocoupler, used to generate the Zero Cross signal
  • U4 & U5 – ST485BN, RS232/RS485 Transmitter/ Receiver
  • U6 – PIC16F688 Microcontroller
  • M1-M8 – MOC3023 Optoisolator, triggers the triac


Resistors
  • R18-25 – Triac gate resistors. The value of these resistors in the BOM was selected for locations using 115/120 VAC power.


Diagnostic LEDs
  • PWR – Lit whenever the voltage regulator is generating 5 VDC.


NOTE: The following Diagnostic LEDs will only function when a jumper is placed on JP3


When U6 is programmed with the diagnostics firmware:
  • HB - will blink ON/OFF to indicate that the PIC is operating correctly
  • ZC - will blink ON/OFF to indicate that the Zero Cross signal is getting to the PIC correctly
  • SD - will be ON whenever the PIC is receiving data correctly
  • FE - will only be ON when the PIC has identified a Framing Error while receiving data
  • OE - will only be ON when the PIC has identified an Overrun Error while receiving data


When U6 is programmed with the operational firmware:
  • HB - will be ON whenever channel 2 is ON
  • ZC - will be ON whenever channel 5 is ON
  • SD - will be ON whenever channel 6 is ON
  • FE - will be ON whenever channel 7 is ON
  • OE - will be ON whenever channel 8 is ON


Other Components
  • U1 – LF50CV, 5 VDC Voltage Regulator
  • U3 – ECS-2100AX-18.432MHZ, 18.432 MHz Crystal Clock Oscillator
  • T1-T8 – BTA06-600CW


Jumpers
  • JP1 – RS232 signal ground. Install a shunt (jumper) on JP1 when receiving RS232 data.
  • JP2 – 120 ohm termination resistor enable. Normally a shunt will be installed on JP2 when receiving RS485 data. Remove the shunt if you are experiencing problems with incoming data.
  • JP3 – Diagnostic LEDs enable. Install a shunt on JP3 to allow the Diagnostic LEDs to function. During normal operation, you can remove the shunt with no negative impact on board operation.


Test Points
  • +5 – Output from voltage regulator, should be +5 ± 0.1 VDC
  • GND – Ground
  • ZC – Zero Cross signal

Firmware

The PIC (U6) must be programmed with the correct firmware for the board to operate correctly. There are two types of firmware available: Operational and Diagnostic. The Operational firmware is what you need for normal board operation. The Diagnostic firmware is a troubleshooting aid to use when there are problems with the board.


Renard SS Operational Firmware:


Renard SS Diagnostic Firmware:
Instructions for using the Renard SS Diagnostic Firmware are located on this wiki page or can be downloaded in this file.


DMX Firmware:
Since there are many options available with the Renard DMX firmware it is impractical to post a dedicated Renard SS board version here. Users desiring to use DMX should get the firmware here.


Powering the Renard SS8

Input power requirements: An AC source

DC power:

The Renard SS8 generates all the DC voltage that it requires on-board and no external DC voltage source is required.


AC Power:

The Renard SS8 requires AC power for generation of the DC voltage, the SSR (opto/triac) circuitry and for generation of the Zero Cross signal. The information in this wiki is targeted at users who are using 115/120 VAC power.



AC Power Handling Capability

Maximum Input Load

The Renard SS8 has one bank of eight triacs. This bank of triacs is capable of carrying up to 15 amps of current based on the trace width used on the pcb.


Triac Loads

Based on the pcb trace widths, each triac can handle up to two amps of current. A heat sink is highly recommended when running the triacs at two amps. Care must be taken to ensure that the total load of the eight triacs does not exceed the rating of the fuse protecting the triac bank or 15 amps (whichever is less).

Fuses

The bank of triacs is protected by a fuse. The size of the fuse cannot exceed the current handling capability of the input wire or 15 amps (whichever is less).


The BOM calls for a 10 amp fuse under that assumption that the Renard SS8 will be powered by a common/generic extension cord. Most of the common extension cords used by DIYC members are rated for only 13 amps and 13 amp fuses are not commonly found.

Hooking Up the Renard SS8

Data Connections

Wiki - Renard SS8 Data Layout1.jpg
Typical connection between computer running Vixen and Renard SS8 boards



Wiki - Renard SS8 Data Layout2.jpg
Typical connection between RS485/DMX/Renard and Renard SS8 boards


Data Cables

Data cables for Renard SS board hookup directly to computer COMM port

Wiki - Renard SS RS232 Data Cable1.jpg

PC DE9 Pin 3 to Renard SS DE9 Pin 3
PC DE9 Pin 5 to Renard SS DE9 Pin 5


Wiki - Renard SS RS232 Data Cable2.jpg

PC DE9 Pin 3 to RJ45-pin 4
PC DE9 Pin 5 to RJ45-pin 5 and pin 1 and/or pin 2 


Data cable for Renard SS board hookup using a RS232->RS485 or a USB->RS485 converter
Due to the many different types of RS232->RS485 and USB->RS485 converters available, the drawing only refers to the signals coming from the converter. Check the documentation for your converter to figure out how/where to hook up the correct wires.

Wiki - Renard SS RS485 Data Cable.jpg

Converter signal RS485(-)/T-/D-/B/485- connects to RJ45-pin 4 (blue CAT5 wire)
Converter signal RS485(+)/T+/D+/A/485+ connects to RJ45-pin 5 (blue/white CAT5 wire)
Converter GND signal connects to RJ45-pins 1 & 2 (orange and orange/white CAT5 wires)
An example is shown here with the HXSP-2108F Adapter Hook-up


Data cable for Renard SS board hookup in a DMX environment

Wiki - DMX (XLR) to Renard SS Connection.jpg

Wiki - DMX (RJ-45) to Renard SS Connection.jpg

DMX using XLR Connectors
   XLR connector pin 1 (GND) to RJ45-pin 1 and/or pin 2
   XLR connector pin 2 (Data-) to RJ45-pin 4
   XLR connector pin 3 (Data+) to RJ45-pin 5

DMX using RJ45 (CAT5) Connectors
   RJ45 connector pin 1 (Data+) to RJ45-pin 5
   RJ45 connector pin 2 (Data-) to RJ45-pin 4
   RJ45 connector pins 7 & 8 (GND) to RJ45-pins 1 & 2


Data cable for Renard SS board hookup to other Renard boards

Wiki - Renard to Renard Data Cable.jpg

Generally only a regular straight-thru CAT5 cable is required to connect Renard SS boards to other Renard boards.  
For the few exceptions (ie Ren24 V2.5), check the wiki page for those boards to see what their unique requirements are.

Cable Lengths

Data cables connecting the Renard SS boards directly to a computer COMM port should not be longer than 50 feet according to the RS-232 standard. This distance can also be greatly reduced by using poor quality cables.


Data cables connecting the Renard SS boards directly to other Renard boards or any other RS-485 source can be up to 4,000 feet in length for data rates up to 100Kbps according to the RS-485 standard.



AC Power Connection

Wiki - Renard SS8 AC Layout.jpg


Key thing to remember in this layout is:
  • The size of the fuse cannot exceed the current handling capability of the orange/black wires or 15 amps (whichever is less).



Connecting Multiple Renard Boards

Wiki - Renard SS Daisy Chain.jpg


The above image shows how Renard SS boards can be daisy chained together. Renard SS8 boards are used in the image just as an example of how all Renard SS boards can be connected together.


Key things to remember when connecting Renard SS boards together:
  • You only need one instance of the Renard Dimmer plug-in in Vixen for each physical COMM port being used. You just need to make sure that the plug-in is setup for the total number of channels for all the Renard boards connected to that COMM port. In the above example, the plug-in would be set for 32 channels.
  • The total number of Renard boards that can be connected together depends on the event period and the baud rate being used. More information on the total number of channels capable with Renard systems can be found here here.



Configuring the jumpers on Renard SS boards

JP1 & JP2 Configuraton
The configuration of JP1 and JP2 depends on the type of communication being used:


RS-232 Communication (direct connect to PC)
  • JP1 installed
  • JP2 not installed
Reminder: This only applies to the first Renard SS board connected to the PC. The output of a Renard SS board to the next board is RS-485.


RS-485 Communication (output of a Renard board or output from a RS-485 adapter/converter)
  • JP1 not installed
  • JP2 installed (try removing if data communication issues are encountered)


JP3 Configuraton
  • Installed when running the Diagnostics Firmware
  • Normally not installed when running the Operational Firmware. But can be left installed if you don’t mind seeing the on-board LEDs responding with the associated channels.



Computer Setup

VIXEN Settings
The Renard SS boards require the Renard Dimmer [Vixen 1.1.*] or Renard Dimmer (modified) [Vixen 2.*] Plug-In.
Renard Dimmer Plug-In Settings:
  • Protocol Version: 1
  • COM1 (or whichever COM port you are connected to)
  • Baud: 57600 (default firmware value, if firmware is changed then this needs to be changed to match the firmware)
  • Parity: None
  • Data bits: 8
  • Stop bits: One
  • Hold port open during the duration of the sequence execution: Checked


Assembly Instructions & BOM

The assembly instructions and complete BOM with links to the Mouser Shared BOM
Assembly Instructions The Renard SS8

Setup for Beginners and Troubleshooting

If you are unsure that you have built your hardware correctly, you should follow the procedures contained in the Renard SS8 Beginners Setup Guide. These procedures will guide you through the steps to help setup the hardware for the first time.


If you encounter any problems with your Renard SS8, you can go to the Troubleshooting Guide The Renard SS8. The troubleshooting guide contains a methodical process to try to isolate problems/malfunctions and gives suggestions of what to do to fix them.

Related Links

Beginners Setup Guide The Renard SS8
Assembly Instructions The Renard SS8
Troubleshooting Guide The Renard SS8
Board Availability Information
Renard Main Page
Renard Firmware
Part Substitutions
VIXEN
Glossary of DIYC Terms
Electronic Symbols